The Erechtheion Temple
The Erechtheion is often referred to as the Erechtheum is an old Greek shrine dedicated to goddess Athena as well as the god Poseidon-Erechtheus.
The Erechtheion is often referred to as the Erechtheum is an old Greek shrine dedicated to goddess Athena as well as the god Poseidon-Erechtheus. (Athena is the old Greek goddess of war and wisdom. Poseidon was the first Greek god associated with the ocean.) The temple was constructed in the Acropolis in Athens, Greece, circa the time of 430-405 BCE. It is known as the Erechtheion can be described as an Ionic temple that has Caryatids, large statues of women which serve as pillars that support a portion of its roof.
Construction of The Erechtheion located in Acropolis
In the Greco-Persian Wars in the first part five centuries BCE the king Xerxes I and the Persian Army defeated Athens as a city Athens in the year 480 BCE and destroyed the majority of the buildings that were located on the Acropolis. Circa 450 BCE (close to the conclusion of the Greco-Persian Wars in the year 449 BC) Pericles, the Athenian politician Pericles created an architectural plan to rebuild the temples of the Acropolis. It was during this period that many of the remaining structures and buildings that are located situated on the Acropolis were built such as the Parthenon as well as the Propylaea and the Temple of Athena Nike, and the Erechtheion. The construction of the Erechtheion began in the year 405 BCE It was completed around 405 BCE.
Erechtheion: A Temple erected on a sacred Site
The land on that the Erechtheion was constructed was thought to be sacred for a variety of reasons. The Erechtheion was distinguished by its intricate design to ensure that it did not disturb various sacred sites within its grounds. The sites comprised an saltwater well, referred to by the name of Erechtheion Sea, as well as the plant of olives that is sacred to Athena. The mythology claims that the Erechtheion Sea was made through the divine god Poseidon and that the trees were planted by goddess Athena as they competed to be patronized by Athens.
The site also has the burial site of Cecrops, the mythical first King of Athens who ruled Athena as the winner and gave her the privilege in the city of Athens (hence, Athens is named after Athena). In mythology and in images, Cecrops is often portrayed as a half-snake. There are also altars dedicated Poseidon and Hephaestus the god of fire. The east side of the Temple was dedicated to the worship of Athena Polias, the aspect of Athena that safeguarded cities. The western end of the Temple was dedicated to the goddess Poseidon-Erechtheus; Erechtheus was a legendary King of Athens who was associated with Poseidon, the goddess of Athens. Poseidon.
The Erechtheion Caryatids and Other Architectural Characteristics
The Erechtheion was created by the famous Athenian architectural firm Mnesikles. It was constructed in order to replace the Temple of Athena Neos, which had been destroyed in 480 BC. The Erechtheion was built with Pentelic Marble from nearby Mt. Pentelicus. It is a hexastyle-style portico (meaning that the portico features 6 columns). It also comes with Ionic columns as well as entablature.
The Erechtheion was built within the Ionic order of the ancient Greek architecture. Ionic columns were fluted and distinct due to the spiral scrolls referred to as volutes that were carved into the capitals. Perhaps the most distinct and well-known aspect of the Erechtheion is the six huge female statues referred to by the Caryatids which serve as the columns that support on the top of the south-facing Caryatid Porch. The time the Erechtheion was constructed the entire architectural elements would have been decorated with a variety of different colors.
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